Data security shields digital and physical data from the unauthorized access and destruction. It is a vital requirement for every business because it ensures the security, integrity and confidentiality of personal information to authorized users. It also helps prevent the loss of important information due to cyberattacks or data breach. A solid data protection program is a combination of tools that complies with these six key best practices:
Authorization and authentication are essential to any strategy for data protection. No matter if your data is in transit or at rest you must confirm that only authorized users are able to access it using credentials (e.g. passwords, passwords, encryption keys) or other methods of identification like multi-factor authentication (MFA) which requires the user to provide more than one form of verification.
The organization must be able to identify its application data and recognize the time when sensitive data is in a specific state, such as « at rest », « in transit » or « in use ».
It can be a challenge for businesses to keep track of sensitive information as the amount of data collected increases. It is essential to adhere to the principle of least privilege which states that only the information users require for their job must be made available. By decreasing the number of permissions granted to users, you can improve security and decrease storage and bandwidth costs. In addition, your data usage policy should specify the way data is used and set repercussions for any policy violations.